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2019年医学考博英语作文攻略:2016年真题范文

来源:环球卓越 时间:2018/12/14 11:29:05

  为帮助考生更好地应对2019年医学考博英语全国统一考试,环球卓越为大家整理了历年医博英语真题作文范文,希望在最后的冲刺阶段对各位有所帮助。

 2016年全国医学博士外语统一考试英语试题

  Part V. Writing (20%)

  Directions: In 'this part there is an essay in Chinese. Read it carefully then write a summary of 200 words in English on the ANSWER SHEET. Make sure that your summary covers the major points of the essay.

  全科医生培养及发展思路

  随着医疗卫生事业的不断发展,人们对社区卫生服务的要求也越来越高。目前我国社区卫生服务发展还不平衡。高素质的全科医生(gencral practitioner)缺乏成为社区卫生发展滞后的主要原因。规范全科医生培养,大力发展全科医生培训工作势在必行。全科医生在社区卫生服务中的功能包括治疗、保健、预防、护理、健康调查、咨询及健康教育等。虽然我国全科医学(general family medicine)已经得到了普及和发展,但其教育与培训的总体水平还存在一些问题。本文就全科医生的培养和今后的发展做一浅析。

  全科医生需具备的基本素质

  全科医生需要较全面的知识。某些严重疾病的早期症状可能比较轻微,与一些常见、多发病表现并无太大区别。这就要求全科医生从众多的疾病中筛选可能的情况,因此要求全科医生临床学科知识面要广。社区卫生工作中,一名合格的全科医生,也应是一名出色的社会工作者。全科医生服务的对象是社区内的居民,而且有可能需要长期面对,因此要求全科医生要有良好的人际关系、协调能力和高度的工作热情,并与患者建立一种亲密而长期的友情,成为病人家庭的良师益友,而且要具有良好的职业道德。

  目前全科医生存在的问题

  全科医生工作热情不高。一方面与专业医生相比,收入与社会地位存在差距;另一方面工作环境较艰苦,医疗设备落后,导致全科医生的工作热情和人员稳定性不高。合格的全科医生人员不多。由于全科医学专业在我国发展历史较短,很多医学院校近年刚开设全科医学的专业。全科医生实际工作能力与居民的要求还有距离,同时社区工作也是在逐渐摸索、完善的过程中,因此社区卫生服务的工作开展仍不太理想。

  解决的方法与思考

  制定全科医学相关领域的政策和规划、社区卫生服务发展策略和相关人力资源政策,特别是推动全科医学毕业生致力于社区群众服务的激励机制等,促使全科医疗得到健康持续的发展。以全科医生岗位培训为重点,低年资的全科医生要进行专科轮转,至少3年,掌握专科学校的基本理论和基本技能;高年资的全科医生可通过远程教育,参加各省、市中心培训机构组织临床技能训,逐步提高技术水平。各省、市可以根据实际需要,增加一些社区工作急需的培训内容。对部分基础较好的医生进行重点培养,然后由这些合格的全科医生再去培养更多的全科医生,促进全科医生的全面提高,进而提高防治社区常见疾病、解决社区健康问题的能力,达到全科医生的岗位要求。

  摘要范文:

  The Approaches of Cultivating Developing General Practitioners

  With the continuous development of health care,community health services are increasingly significant However,imperfect geneal practice education andlack of high-qualified gencral practitiones inevitably restrict the development of community health services.Thus,standardized training vigorous devotion to general practice education are very imperative.

  When it comes to basic qualities of geneal practitioners,well-rounded knowledge comes first .Some severe discases tend to be characterized with mild symptoms,which are not different from some common disorders.Therefore,general practitioners are required to identify possible cases.Moreover,as social workers,general practitioners are bound to constantly contact people in the community,hence,enthusiasm in work as well as good communication cooperation skills are crucial.

  Unfortunately many problems arise currently.Unsatisfactory income,lower social status tough working conditions lead to less devotion to the work.Besides,it has not been long since the major of general family medicine was established,general practitioners have not been equipped with adequate practical skills.

  In order to enhance the sustainable development of community health care,firstly,related policies,projects incentive mechanism are indispensable.Secondly,general practice education should put emphasis on on-the-job training.On one hand,junior general practitioners are required to take rotation training for three years at least,so as to basic theories skills.On the other hand,senior general practitioners improve their skills through distance education or training programs.Some potential talents may be chosen as the very group to be trained,in the hope that they can further cultivate more qualified general practitioners.

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