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2018医学考博英语完形填空的五种逻辑关系

来源:不详 时间:2018/1/3 13:05:22

  2018年医学考博正在备考阶段,很多考生都比较担心英语的考试,医博英语除了常见考博的词汇之外还有很多医学的专业词汇,因此考试难度较大。医博英语的完形填空,尽管完形填空是英语考试中较很常见的一种考试形式,但是它也是很多考生比较头疼的一种题型。难度大、分值小。但是完形填空是有一定的解题技巧的。今天环球卓越就为考生整理了医博完形填空中的五大逻辑关系

  在完形填空的解题中,我们要学会把握全文,不能将每一个空看成一个独立的个体。完形中主要考察的五大逻辑关系为:对立关系、因果关系、并列关系、总分关系和递进关系。

  对立关系

  包括让步和转折关系,常见的标志词和短语:but, however, yet, on the contrary, by contrast, unfortunately, although, even though, nevertheless, in spite of, regardless of, anyhow, instead of, rather than, not…but等。

  例题:

  He must store a large quantity of grain ___ consuming all his grain immediately.

  [A]other than [B]as well as[C]instead of[D]more than

  答案:C

  解析:此处考查的是逻辑关系,需要根据空前和空后来判断。空前“储存了大量粮食”与空后“消耗所有粮食”形成对立关系,选C instead of。

  因果关系

  常用的标志词和短语有:because, for, since, as, thus, hence, therefore, so, so…that, such…that, in order that, consequently, accordingly, due to, thanks to, in response to, on account of, because of, considering that, seeing that, in that, now that, lest, as a result, for this reason等。

  例题:

  More families consist of one parent households or two working parents, ___, children are likely to have less supervision at home.

  [A]contrarily[B]consequently[C]similarly [D]simultaneously

  答案:B

  解析:此处考查的是逻辑关系,需要根据空前和空后来判断。空前“更多的家庭是单亲家庭或双工家庭”与空后“孩子在家很少受到监管”之间是因果关系,故所B consequently。

  并列关系

  常用的标志词和短语有:and, or, neither…nor, either…or, not only…but also, likewise, similarly, equally, in the same way, that is to say, as well as, same…as等。

  例题:

  Theories focusing on the role of society suggest that children commit crimes in response to their failure to rise above their socioeconomic status, ___ as a rejection of middle-class values.

  [A]or[B]but rather [C]but [D]or else

  答案:A

  解析:此处考查的是逻辑关系,需要根据空前和空后来判断。空前“没有成功提升社会经济地位”与空后“排斥中产阶级的价值观”都可能是“犯罪”的原因,故空前和空后之间是并列关系,选A 。

  总分关系

  常用的标志词和短语有:such as, for example, for instance, to illustrate, as an illustration, to take an example, more specifically等。

  例题:

  The government is to ban payments to witnesses by newspapers seeking to buy up people involved in prominent cases ___ the trial of Rosemary West.

  [A]as to [B]for instance [C]in particular[D]such as

  答案:D

  解析:此处考查的是逻辑关系,需要根据空前和空后来判断。空前“prominent cases”与空后“the trial of Rosemary West”是包含的关系,总体与部分的关系,可以选for instance和such as,但for instance后面不能直接加名词,such as后要直接加名词,故选D such as。

  递进关系

  常用的标志词和短语有:then, besides, additionally, in addition, furthermore, moreover, what is more等。

  例题:

  Too often, careless use of words prevents a meeting of the minds of the speaker and listener. The words used by the speaker may stir up unfavorable reactions in the listener which interfere with his comprehension; hence, the transmission-reception system breaks down.

  ___, inaccurate or indefinite words may make it difficult for the listener to understand the message which is being transmitted to him.

  [A]Moreover[B]However [C]Preliminarily [D]Unexpectedly

  答案:A

  解析:此处考查的是逻辑关系,需要根据空前和空后来判断。此空位于段首,需要考虑本段与上一段的逻辑关系,上一段提到“careless use of words”给交谈带来的障碍,空后则提到“inaccurate or indefinite words”理解信息造成的困难。前后是递进关系,故选择A moreover。

  掌握一定的解题技巧,能够让你更快的选择出正确的答案,提高做题的效率。




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