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医博英语长难句拆分方法

来源:互联网 时间:2018/9/21 10:00:16

  在英语学习过程中,我们对于一些长难句的翻译理解会有些力不从心。其实可以把长难句拆开成容易理解的短句来翻译就会简单很多。那有哪些长难句拆分方法呢?

  1、标点符号:

  比如,2个逗号形成插入语,破折号表示解释说明,分号相当于“and”表示并列;

  2、连词:

  并列句的并列连词and、or、but、yet、for等,从句的从属连词which、that、when、how、if等;

  3、介词:

  介词引导介词短语,介词短语在句子中可充当定语、状语等修饰成分;

  4、不定式符号to:

  不定式符号to引导不定式短语,在句子中除了可以充当主语、宾语、表语、补语等主干成分外,还可做定语、状语等修饰成分;

  5、分词:

  分词包括现在分词和过去分词,在句子中可充当定语和状语修饰成分。

  下面我们就按照长难句拆分原则,依照这些拆分信号,结合考博英语阅读或翻译真题中的长难句进行实战演练一下吧!

  1、This trend began during the Second World War, when several governments came to the conclusion that the specific demands that a government wants to make of its scientific establishment cannot generally be foreseen in detail.

  (1)句子拆分

  拆分点:从属连词、介词、标点符号

  This trend began ∥during the Second World War, ∥ when several governments came to the conclusion ∥that the specific demands ∥that a government wants to make of its scientific establishment cannot generally be foreseen ∥in detail.

  (2)句子结构

  找谓语动词(began, came, wants, cannot be foreseen);

  ↓

  找连词(when, that, that)

  ↓

  前面没有从属连词的动词即为主句的谓语动词

  ↓

  确定主从句

  主句:This trend began during the Second World War ;

  从句:定语从句when several governments came to the conclusion修饰the Second World War,本从句嵌套着一个二级从句即同位语从句that the specific demands cannot generally be foreseen in detail修饰conclusion和一个三级从句that引导的定语从句that a government wants to make of its scientific establishment修饰demands。

  (3)解析

  during the Second World War介词短语做状语;when several governments came to the conclusion that the specific demands that a government wants to make of its scientific establishment cannot generally be foreseen in detail 做定语修饰the Second World War ;that the specific demands cannot generally be foreseen in detail同位语从句修饰conclusion ;that a government wants to make of its scientific establishment修饰demands。

  (4)本句的参考译文

  这种趋势始于第二次世界大战期间,当时一些国家的政府得出结论:政府向科研机构提出的要求通常是无法详尽预见的。

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