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2020年医学考博英语作文真题:抗生素的滥用(网络版)

来源:根据网络整理 时间:2020/7/19 10:02:12

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  2020医学考博英语写作真题:抗生素的滥用

  Overuse of antibiotics appears to be making the fungus stronger.

  抗生素的滥用致使病菌的抗药性增强。

  Just as antibiotic overuse has contributed to the rise of resistant bacteria, the overuse of antimicrobial drugs is helping fungi becoming resistant. Scientists say that unless more effective new medicines are developed unnecessary use of antimicrobial drugs is sharply curbed, risk will spread to healthier populations.

  curb: 抑制、遏制

  A range of policies have been introduced aimed at curbing inflation.

  为了抑制通货膨胀实施了一系列的政策。

  就像抗生素的滥用导致细菌感染越来越难以被控制,真菌感染也同样如此。科学家认为,除了研发更加有效的药物,社会还需要对抗生素的滥用加以更严格的控制,而更多健康人群面临感染风险。

  While antifungals are life-saving drugs, they are also applied to prevent agricultural plants from rotting. There is evidence that suggests the rampant use of fungicides on crops is contributing to the surge in drug-resistant fungi infecting humans. Unfortunately, till now scientists are still unclear about the origin effective medication of the super fungus. But one thing is for sure: it's time to stop misusing antibiotics.

  rampant: adj. 猖獗的

  此外,抗真菌药物尽管药效仍然较好,也被用于防止农作物腐烂。目前有证据显示,杀真菌剂在农业中的过度使用也导致真菌的耐药性不断增强,并导致具有抗药性的真菌感染人类病例急剧增多。

  Unfortunately, till now scientists are still unclear about the origin effective medication of the super fungus. But one thing is for sure: it’s time to stop misusing antibiotics.

  遗憾的是,直到今天科学家仍然没能搞清耳念珠菌的来源,也没有有效的治疗手段应对“超级真菌”。但有一点毫无疑问的是:我们亟待停止抗生素的滥用。

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