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2019年医博考前冲刺【词汇】专项练习(40)

来源:环球卓越 时间:2019/1/14 15:12:51

  距离2019医学考博英语统考的时间越来越近了,目前已是最后冲刺阶段。接下来,环球卓越将会为大家整理专项习题突破资料,希望各位多多练习,胸有成竹,顺利通过考试!【词汇】专项,每天5题,含解析。

  Section B

  Directions:Each of the following sentences has a word or phrase underlined.There are four other words or phrases beneath each sentence.Choose the word or phrase which would best keep the meaning of the original sentence if it were substituted for the underlined part.Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET.

  96.An outbreak of swine flu outside of Mexico City was blamed for the deaths of more than a hundred people in April 2009.

  A.attached to B.ascribed to C.composed of D.related to

  97.When a forest goes ablaze,it discharges hundreds of chemical compounds,including carbon monoxide.

  A.puts out B.passes off C.pulls out D.sends out

  98.Unfortunately,the bridge under construction clasped in the earthquake,so they had to do the whole thing again from scratch.

  A.from the beginning B.from now on

  C.from time to time D.from the bottom

  99.Identical twin sisters have led British scientists to a breakthrough in leukemia research that promises more effective therapies with fewer harmful side-effects.

  A.administers B.nurtures C.inspires D.ensures

  100.Radical environmentalists have blamed pollutants synthetic chemicals in pesticides for the disruption of human hormones.

  A.disturbance B.distaction C.intersection D.interpretation

  答案解析:

  96.【答案】D

  【解析】画线单词be blamed for 意思是“承担…….责任”,与ascribe to 意思相近。attach to意为“与……联系”;compose of 意为“由…….组成”;relate to意为“与……联系”。故本题选D。

  题干译文:2009年4月墨西哥城外猪流感的爆发造成一百多人死亡。

  97.【答案】A

  【解析】画线单词 discharge意思是“释放,散发”,与put out同义。pass off意为“消失”;pull out意为“拔出来,驶出”;send out意为“派出”。故本题选A。

  题干译文:森林起火燃烧时,会释放成百上千种化合物,包括一氧化碳。

  98.【答案】A

  【解析】画线单词from scratch的意思是“从头做起,从零做起”,与from the beginning同义。from now on意为“从现在”:from time to time意为“时不时,经常”:from the bottom意为“从底部”。故本题选A。

  题干译文:不幸的是,修建中的桥在地震中期塌了,他们不得不从头开始。

  99【答案】D

  【解析】画线单词promise的意思是“承诺,保证”,与ensure含义相同。administer意

  为“管理”;nurture意为“培育”;inspire意为“鼓励”。故选D。

  题干译文:双胞胎姐妹让英国科学家在白血病研究上有了突破,能使治疗方案效果更好,副作用更少。

  100.【答案】A

  【解析】画线单词disruption的意思是“破坏”,与disturbance含义相近。distraction“分

  散”;intersecion“横断,交叉”;interpretation“解释”。故本题选A。

  题干译文:激进的环境保护主义者谴责杀虫剂中的污染物和合成化学物质破坏了人体荷尔蒙。

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